acid reflux best drugs and their side effects

If you've ever experienced the discomfort of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), then you know how debilitating and disruptive it can be to your daily life. 

From heartburn to regurgitation, GERD symptoms can leave you feeling miserable and desperate for relief. 

Thankfully, acid reflux medications can help alleviate these symptoms and improve your quality of life. 

But with so many options available, where do you start? 

In this blog post, we'll share tips for achieving optimal relief from GERD symptoms with acid reflux medicine. Say goodbye to discomfort and hello to a happier, healthier you!

What is GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease)?

Heartburn, also called acid indigestion, is the most common symptom of GERD and usually feels like burning chest pain. 

Heartburn is caused by stomach acid flowing back up into the oesophagus, the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach.

If you have heartburn more than twice a week, you may have GERD. GERD can lead to serious health problems over time if it's not treated.

GERD is a chronic condition that can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes. Medications that reduce stomach acid are the first line of treatment for GERD. 

These include over-the-counter (OTC) medicines like antacids and H2 blockers as well as prescription medicines like proton pump inhibitors (PPIs).

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Different Types of Medication Available for GERD

There are many different types of medication available for GERD symptoms, so it's important to work with your doctor to find the best option for you. 

  • Over-the-counter options include antacids, which neutralize stomach acid

  • H2 blockers, which reduce the production of stomach acid. 

  • Proton pump inhibitors, which reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach, and promotility agents, which help keep food and acid moving through the stomach more quickly.

PPIs are the most effective type of medication for treating GERD symptoms. They work by blocking the production of stomach acid. 

Common PPIs include omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid), and pantoprazole (Protonix).

H2 blockers reduce the amount of stomach acid that is produced. They are not as effective as PPIs, but they can provide relief from milder symptoms. 

Common H2 blockers include cimetidine (Tagamet), famotidine (Pepcid), and ranitidine (Zantac).

Antacids neutralize stomach acid and can provide quick relief from heartburn or indigestion. However, they do not work as long as PPIs or H2 blockers and need to be taken more frequently. 

Common antacids include calcium carbonate (Tums), magnesium hydroxide (Milk of Magnesia), and aluminium hydroxide (Gaviscon).

How to Choose the Right Type of Medicine for Your GERD?

Acid reflux is a common condition that can cause symptoms of heartburn, indigestion, and chest pain. 

While there are many over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medications available to treat GERD, it's important to choose the right type of medicine for your individual symptoms.

Here are some tips to help you choose the best acid reflux medicine for your GERD:

1. Talk to your doctor about your symptoms.

Your doctor can help you determine the severity of your GERD and recommend the best course of treatment. If your symptoms are mild, OTC antacids may be all you need. 

For more severe symptoms, your doctor may prescribe a stronger medication such as an H2 blocker or proton pump inhibitor (PPI).

2. Consider your lifestyle and preferences.

Do you want a pill or liquid? Something you can take before meals or at bedtime? How long do you want the medication to work? 

Be sure to discuss all of these factors with your doctor when choosing a GERD medicine.

3. Read the labels carefully.

All medications come with potential side effects and risks. Be sure to read the labels carefully and discuss any concerns with your doctor before taking any new medication, even if it's for GERD.

Side Effects and Risks of Taking Acid Reflux Medicine

There are a variety of acid reflux medicines available to help relieve your symptoms. However, with any medication, there is always the potential for side effects and risks. 

Some common side effects of acid reflux medicine include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea
  • Headache

More serious risks associated with taking acid reflux medicine can include:

  • Bleeding in the digestive tract
  • Reduced kidney function
  • Osteoporosis
  • Bone fractures

Before starting any new medication, it is important to speak with your doctor about possible side effects and risks. 

This way you can make an informed decision about whether or not the benefits of taking the medication outweigh the potential risks.


Acid reflux medicine can be a great way to tackle GERD symptoms and get some much-needed relief. 

However, it is important to make sure that you use the right kind of medication for your needs and follow the instructions carefully. 

If you have any questions or concerns about using acid reflux medicine, talk to your doctor so they can help find the best option for you. 

With proper use, acid reflux medication may be able to provide long-term relief from heartburn and other GERD symptoms so that you can enjoy life again without having to worry about pain or discomfort in your chest area.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best prescription medication for acid reflux?

The best prescription medication for acid reflux will depend on the individual's specific symptoms and medical history. 

Some common types of medications used to treat acid reflux include proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), histamine-2 blockers, and antacids. 

Your doctor can help determine which medication is best for you based on your specific needs.

What helps acid reflux instantly?

Several things may help alleviate acid reflux symptoms quickly, such as:

  • Drinking a glass of water

  • Taking an antacid

  • Chewing gum to help stimulate saliva production

  • Avoiding tight clothing that puts pressure on the stomach

  • Raising the head of your bed by 6-8 inches to help prevent acid reflux while sleeping

Is acid reflux medicine bad for you?

Like all medications, acid reflux medications can have potential side effects. However, when taken as prescribed by a doctor, these medications are generally safe and effective for treating acid reflux symptoms. 

It's important to discuss any concerns about the safety of acid reflux medicine with your doctor.

Is acid reflux medicine safe?

Yes, acid reflux medication can be safe when taken as prescribed by a doctor. However, like all medications, there is a potential for side effects. 

It's important to discuss any concerns about the safety of acid reflux medication with your doctor.

What are acid reflux medications?

Acid reflux medications are a type of medication used to treat symptoms of acid reflux, such as heartburn and indigestion. 

Common types of acid reflux medication include proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), histamine-2 blockers, and antacids.

Can acid reflux medicine cause stomach pain?

Some acid reflux medications can cause stomach pain as a potential side effect. However, this is not common and should be discussed with your doctor if you experience any symptoms.

Can acid reflux medicine make it worse?

In some cases, acid reflux medication can make symptoms worse if not taken correctly or if the individual has an underlying medical condition. 

It's important to discuss any concerns about the effectiveness of acid reflux medication with your doctor.

What acid reflux medicine is safe during pregnancy?

Some acid reflux medications may be safe during pregnancy, such as antacids and histamine-2 blockers. 

However, it's important to discuss any medication use during pregnancy with your doctor to ensure the safety of both the mother and baby.